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CVE and Missing Service

The Children Vulnerable to Exploitation (CVE) and Missing Service

Who are the CVE & Missing Service?

A multi-agency team of passionate practitioners

The team work together to restore children and young people’s hopes for the future.

The service is co-located within the Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) and ensures a co-ordinated response from West Yorkshire Police and Wakefield Children and Young People’s Social Care to the identification, investigation, intervention and disruption of child exploitation.

How does the service work?

They are child centred and:

  • Work intensively with children for as long as they need to
  • Support the child to minimise their vulnerabilities
  • Visit the child as often as they require support
  • Work to build trusting relationships between the worker and the child to ensure a holistic support is provided appropriate to their individual needs
  • Work with children using a trauma informed approach, recognising that many young people have experienced a number of difficulties in their lives
  • Devise a trigger plan for all children which helps to identify the signs of exploitation, tells the child’s story and supports with understanding the risks and indicators of exploitation
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The CVE & Missing Service Structure
  • CVE Team
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    The team consists of:

    CVE Team Manager
    Advanced Practitioner
    Three Family Support Workers
    Return Home Interviewer
    Ivison Worker
    One Missing Coordinator
    One Administrator

  • Police Team
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    The team consists of:

    Detective Sergeant for CVET and five Detective Constables
    Detective Sergeant for Missing and two Missing Person Coordinators (Constables)

What to do if you are worried

And you fear a child is at risk of exploitation

Practitioners must follow the usual process for any new referral to CYPS by ringing the Integrated Front Door (IFD) and discussing their concerns on 0345 8503503.

All children open in the CVE and Missing Service will have an allocated social worker either from a locality team or child in care. The CVE Service will provide ongoing consultation and support to allocated social workers around exploitation, helping to build the necessary skills to engage in meaningful and protective ways with children who are experiencing these types of harm.

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What service do they offer?

To review cases open to Wakefield’s Children and Young People Service (CYPS)

Where a risk of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE), Criminal Exploitation (CCE) and/or Trafficking has been identified and/or where there are concerns about children and young people who have been missing from home, care or education.

Children placed in Wakefield by another local authority where there are exploitation concerns are also discussed alongside the ofer of support. The RAM ensures a multi-agency approach to the sharing of information relating to the safeguarding of children who are vulnerable to any form of exploitation.

View RAM terms of reference

  • Key functions of the RAM
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    Reduce the number of children vulnerable to exploitation.
    Discuss new and existing referrals made to the team and share information collaboratively between agencies to assess and agree level of risk.
    Formulate action plans to reduce and monitor the level of risk.
    Facilitate direct interventions and promote the safety, protection, health and well-being of children who are at risk of exploitation.
    Identify perpetrators of child exploitation and establish the potential risk they pose.


<strong>Perpetrator</strong> <strong>Risk Assessment Meeting (RAM)</strong>

Perpetrator Risk Assessment Meeting (RAM)

Enables a strong focus and a partnership approach to disruption activity in relation to those who may seek to exploit children in Wakefield.

West Yorkshire Police coordinate and lead the Perpetrator RAM locally, with meetings held every six weeks and chaired by a Detective Inspector. Partner agencies attend to share information and intelligence about actual or suspected perpetrators of exploitation and contribute to disruption activities. The RAM and Perpetrator RAM coordinate to share information in respect of children at risk and those who pose a risk to others.


<strong>Daily Missing Meeting and Return Home Interviews</strong>

Daily Missing Meeting and Return Home Interviews

Children who have been reported missing in Wakefield are discussed daily at the missing meeting, with actions coordinated and agreed each working day.

Allocated social workers are invited to attend to share information, or in the case of children who do not have an allocated social worker, raised via a referral into the IFD.

Missing co-ordinators within the CVE and Police teams work closely to review children reported missing and ensure up-to-date and accurate knowledge about new missing episodes.

The Children Missing from Home and Care Protocol sets out the expectations and timescales of how agencies respond to children who are missing in the Wakefield area. All children who are missing are offered a Return Home Interview (RHI) within 72 hours by the CVE and Missing Service. The RHI process provides an opportunity to understand the issues prompting a child to go missing and a chance to commence interventions to reduce the likelihood of recurrence.

Click here for practice guidance in respect of how to approach and undertake an effective RHI.

Wakefield district follows the Philomena Protocol, a national scheme for agencies to record key information which can be used in the event of a vulnerable child or young person going missing.


<strong><strong>CVE Advice Clinics</strong></strong>

CVE Advice Clinics

Monthly multi-agency led drop-in advice clinics for practitioners.

The clinics provide a forum for practitioners to receive advice, support and guidance where exploitation or risk of exploitation of a child is suspected and are made up of practitioners from the CVE Team, Police, Liaison and Diversion, Youth Justice Service and the Ivison Trust.

Clinic suports:

  • Concerns that a young person is vulnerable to exploitation but there are difficulties around engagement.
  • Advice as to whether concerns in respect of exploitation may necessitate a referral to Social Care Direct and subsequently the CVE Service.
  • Concerns where a young person may be exploiting others.
  • Advice and support on how to engage a young person who may be vulnerable to exploitation.
  • Information shared within this forum to assist the CVE Team and Police to triangulate any evidence or intelligence which may assist in the early identification of victims and perpetrators of exploitation.
More Information
  • How do the clinics run?
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    CVE Advice Clinics are held on a monthly basis, for two hours on a Friday which is accessible via Teams. A schedule is shared in advance with practitioners who are given an individual invite to allow them to join at an allocated time. This is not a panel and there is no paperwork for the practitioner to complete in advance.

    Currently, the clinics are available to the:

    The Interventions Teams
    Targeted Early Help
    Youth Justice Service
    Social Workers

    The CVE Advice Clinics does not replace the RAM process, nor does it replace the function of the IFD. If there are immediate safeguarding concerns in respect of a child, contact Social Care Direct on 03458 503 503.

    There are plans to expand the CVE Clinics to other services in due course and will be updated via the website when ready.

  • A Contextual Safeguarding response – Mapping and Scoping Meetings
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    The CVE Service use mapping and scoping techniques to increase their knowledge about children to help identify safety and risks.

    They consider a child's: 

    Associations, friendships, peer groups
    The spaces in which they are spending time – neighbourhoods, parks, clubs etc.
    Any links or associations to other areas
    Education settings


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